Study Tools
Introduction to Bible Chronology
QR Code
Introduction to Bible Chronology
Garth Wardrop  

Summary of Bible Chronology

Any unconfirmed but noteworthy conclusions are placed in parentheses, and I account for them from my own research. The method of research I use is virtually identical to that used by Dr. Hoeh. Dates given in parentheses are those which he would be the least likely to confirm.

Dates B.C.: Following the old Julian system unless otherwise indicated.

3980-3050: Adam lives 930 years (Gen. 5:5).

3850-2938: Born in Adam's 130th year, Seth lives 912 years (Gen 5:3, 8).

3745-2840: Born in Seth's 105th year, Enosh lives 905 years (Gen 5:6, 11).

3655-2745: Born in Enosh's 90th year, Kenan lives 910 years (Gen 5:9, 14).

3585-3585-2690: Born in Kenan's 70th year, Mahalalel lives 895 years (Gen 5:12, 17).

3520-2558: Born in Mahalalel's 65th year, Jared lives 962 years (Gen 5:15, 20).

3358-2993: Born in Jared's 162nd year, Enoch lives 365 years (Gen 5:18, 23).

3293-2324: Born in Enoch's 65th year, Methuselah lives 969 years (Gen 5:21, 27).

3273-2324: First 7 or 8 Egyptian dynasties total 949 years (Dr. Hoeh 4-3-1980).

3106-2329: Born in Methuselah's 187th year, Lamech lives 777 Years (Gen. 5:25, 31).

2924-1974: Born in Lamech's 182nd year, Noah lives 950 years (Gen. 5:28, 9:29).

2422-1822: Born 98 years before the flood, Shem lives 600 years (Gen. 11:10-11).

Autumn of 2325 or spring of 2324: In Noah's 600th year, the flood begins (Gen. 7:6, 11).

2322-1884: Born 2 years later in Shem's 100th year, Arpachshad lives 438 (Gen. 11:10+).

2287-1854: Born in Arpachshad's 35th year, Shelah lives 433 years (Gen. 11:12, 14-15).

2257-1793: Born in Shelah's 30th year, Eber lives 464 years (Gen. 11:14, 16-17).

2223-1984: Born in Eber's 34th year, Peleg lives 239 years (Gen. 11:16, 18-19). ["In Peleg's days the earth was divided," (Gen. 10:25).]

2193-1954: Born in Peleg's 30th year, Reu lives 239 years (Gen 11:18, 20-21).

2161-1931: Born in Reu's 32nd year, Serug lives 230 years (Gen. 11:20, 22-23).

2131-1983: Born in Serug's 30th year, Nahor lives 148 years (Gen. 11:22, 24-25).

2102-1897: Born in Nahor's 29th year, Terah lives 205 years (Gen. 11:24, 32).

1991-1786: 12th dynasty (Calendars of Ancient Egypt by Parker, Page 68).

1972-1797: Born 75 years before Terah's death, Abraham lives (Gen 12:4, 25:7, Acts 7:Verse Missing on Original).

1962-1835: Born in Abraham's 10th year, Sarah lives 127 (Gen. 17:17, 23:1).

1897-1879: Sesostris II rules Egypt (Calendars of Ancient Egypt Page 69).

1897: Abram, at age 75 (Gen. 12:4), leaves Haran after Terah's death (Acts 7:4).

1886-1749: Born in Abraham's 86th year, Ishmael lives 137 years (Gen. 16:16, 25:17).

1873-1443: 430 sojourning from the covenant to the law (Gen 17:23, Ex. 12:40, Gal. 3).

1872-1692: Born in Abraham's 100th year, Isaac lives 180 years (Gen. 21:5, 35:28).

(Abib 14, 1749?): Abraham offers up Isaac (Book of Jubilees 17:15+, Gen. 22:4).

1832: Isaac takes Rebekah as his wife (Gen. 25:20).

1812: In Isaac's 60th year, Esau and Jacob are born (Gen. 25:25-26).

1797-1397: Abraham's off spring oppressed 400 years (Gen. 15:13, Acts 7:6).

1772: Esau at age 40 takes two Hittite wives (Gen. 26:34).

1755-1715 or 1735-1715: Jacob lives with Laban 40 or 20 years (Gen 31:41).

1741?-1604? or 1725-1588: First generation (Gen. 15:16), Levi lives (Ex 6:16).

Spring of 1730? or 1723: Reuben finds the mandrakes; Leah conceives Issachar (30:14+).

1721-1611: A son of Jacob's old age, Joseph lives 110 years (Gen. 37:3, 50:22).

1715 at the earliest: Jacob takes a Canaanite wife and fathers Er (Gen. 38:1-3).

About 1712: Dinah's humiliation, Benjamin's and Onan's births (Gen. 34, 35:20, 38:4).

By 1710: Judah's third son Shelah is born (Gen. 38:5).

1704: Joseph offends his half-brothers and is sold into slavery (Gen. 37).

About 1701: Judah takes Tamar to be his first-born Er's wife (Gen. 38:6).

About 1697: Tamar plays the harlot against Judah and conceives twins (Gen. 38:12-27).

1693: The peril of the butler and the baker two years before Joseph's freedom (Gen. 40).

1691: Joseph, a son of 30 years, begins working for the pharaoh (Gen. 41:1-46).

1691-1684: Seven years of prosperity (Gen. 41:47).

1684-1677: Seven years of famine (Gen. 41:54).

By 1682: Levi has three sons; Tamar has grandchildren (Gen. 46:11-12).

1682: Two years into the famine, Jacob at age 130 comes to Egypt (Gen. 45:6; 47:9).

1665: Jacob dies 222 years before the exodus (Book of Jubilees 45:13, 48:2, 50:4).

About 1600: Moses parents are alive (Ex. 16:20); Job is afflicted (if not of Gen. 46:1).

1570-1293, 1291: 18th dynasty (Studies In Honor of Hughes; Chicago Uni.; Page 218+).

1567: Ahmose I expells the Hyksos and knows nothing of Joseph (Ex. 1:8).

1527-1404: Aaron of the 4th generation from Levi lives 123 years (Ex. 6:20, Num. 33:39).

March of 1524 - Oct. 1518: Thutmose I, father o f Hatshepsut reigns as Pharaoh.

1524-1403: Born contrary to Thutmose's decree, Moses lives 120 years (Deut. 34:7).

May of 1504 - March of 1450: Thutmose III reigns as Pharaoh.

1503, 1498-1483: Hatshepsut coreigns with her nephew over Egypt.

1484: Moses intervenes in Israelite affairs and flees from Egypt (Acts 7:23-28).

1484-about January of 1443: Moses lives in Midian 40 years (Acts 7:29-30).

November of 1453-1419: After many days (Ex. 2:23), Amenhotep II reigns as Pharaoh.

Early 1443: Moses at age 80 and Aaron at age 83 speak to the Pharaoh (Ex. 7:7).

Friday, called "Sabbath eve," April 6, 1443: Abib 1 (Ex. 12:2, Seder Moed Shabbat 87B).

Friday April 20, Abib 15, 1443: the exodus (Num. 33:3).

May 26, Iyar 21 or 22, 1443: No manna on sabbath (Ex. 16:24-30, Seder Moed Shab. 87B).

June 4, Monday Sivan 1 say the rabbis, 1443: They enter the Sinai (Ex. 19:1, SMS 86B).

Sabbath June 9, Sivan 6 or 7, 1443: The giving of the law (Seder Moed Shabbat 86B-87A).

Sunday June 10, 1443: Covenant ratified; Moses ascends Mount Sinai (Ex. 24:4-17).

June 10-July 20, 1443: Moses's first 40 days and nights on the mountain (Ex. 24:18).

Friday, July 20, 1443: The catastrophe with the golden calf (Ex. 32:6-29).

Sabbath July 21, 1443: Moses consults with God (Ex. 32:30 - 34:3).

July 22-August 31, 1443: Moses's second 40 days and nights on the mountain (Ex. 34:28).

Abib 1, by Thursday March 28, 1442: The tabernacle is erected (Ex. 40:17).

Iyar 22, by Friday May 17, 1442: Three travel days from Sinai ended (Nun. 10:11, 33).

Iyar 22-Sivan 21, 1442: The disaster with the quail (Num. 11:19-34).

Sivan 22-29, 1442: Miriam is put out seven days (Num. 12:14, Ta'anith 29A).

Sivan 29-Ab 9, 1442: Israelites spy out the land 40 days (Num. 14:34, Ta'anith 29A).

1442-1397: Caleb waits 45 years for his inheritance (Joshua 14:10).

1442-1404: 38 years until the faithless generation perishes (Deut. 2:14).

1419-May of 1386: Thutmose IV reigns as Pharaoh.

January of 1403: Israelites take east-bank land; Moses orates the Deuteronomy (1:3-4).

1403-1103: East-bank Israelites possess the land in peace (Judges 11:26).

April 27, Abib 14, but Abib 13 by observation, 1403: Passover at Gilgal (Josh. 5:10).

Sunday April 28, Abib 15, 1403: They eat after wave offering (Lev. 23:14+, Josh. 5:11).

1397: Abraham's offspring are no longer foreigners (Gen. 15:13-16, Josh. 14:10).

May of 1386-1349: Amenhotep III reigns. The Amarna dispatches begin.

By about 1360: Dwelling in booths annually has ceased (Neh. 8:17) Joshua dies (Joshua 24:29).

1357-1349: Cushan-rishathaim from Mittani oppresses Israel 8 years (Judges 3:8).

1350-1334: Amenhotep IV or Akhenaton reigns as Pharaoh.

1349-1309: Othni-el establishes 40 years of rest (Judges 3:11).

About 1340: The king of Hatti devistates Mittani (Prichard's texts Page 318).

1334-1325: Tutankhamon reigns as Pharaoh.

1325?: Probably Tut's widow requests a prince from Hatti for marriage (Prichard P 319).

1321-1293 or 1319-1291: Haremhab, last of the 18th dynasty, is a strong Pharaoh.

1309-1291: Eglon of Moab oppresses Israel 18 years (Judges 3:14).

1293-1291 or 1291-1289: Ramesses I is the first 19th-dynasty Pharaoh.

1291-1279 or 1289-1279: Sety I restores order and crushes revolts in Palestine.

1291-1211: Israelites have 80 years of rest in the days of Ehud and Shamgar (Jg. 3:30+).

September of 1279-July of 1212: Ramesses II reigns as a strong Pharaoh.

July of 1212-May 1202: Merenpthah rules Egypt and immediately faces rebellions.

2111-1191: Canaanites oppress Israel 20 years (Judges 4:3).

1207: Says Pharaoh in a victory song, "Israel is laid waste," (Prichard Page 376).

1191-1151: Deborah establishes a 40-year rest (Judges 5:31).

1185-1184 - March of 1182: Setnakht is the first 20th dynasty Pharaoh.

March of 1182-April of 1151: Ramesses II is a strong Pharaoh:

1151-1144: The Midianites oppress Israel 7 years (Judges 6:1).

1144-1104: Gideon establishes a 40-year rest (Judges 8:28).

1141-1134, 33: Ramesses VI is the last Pharaoh for a while important in Palestine (History of the Holy Land by Michael Avi-Yonah; Toronto; Macmillan; 1969; P 44+).

1124-1086: Eli Judges Israel years (I Sam. 4:18).

About 1110-1100: Ending a ten-year episode, Ruth bears David's grandfather (Ruth 1:4+).

1112-1109: Abime1ech's 3-year rebellion (Judges 9:22 [had written Ezk. 4:6 390 years begin]).

1104-1086: The Amonites oppress Israel from the east (Judges 10:7-8).

1104-1064: The Philistines oppress Israel from the west 40 years (Judges 10:7, 13:1).

1109-1086: Tola judges from Ephraim 23 years (Judges 10:1-2).

1086-1080: Jephthah judges east of the Jordan 6 years (Judges 12:7).

1084: The Philistines have the ark of the Eternal 7 months (I Sam. 6:1).

About 1084-1064: The ark is safe at Kiriath-jearim (I Sam. 7:2).

1080-1074: Ibzan succeeds Jephthah 7 years (Judges 12:8-9).

1086-1064: Jair succeeds Tola 22 years (Deut. 3:14, Judges 10:3-4).

1073-1063: Elon succeeds Ibzan 10 years (Judges 12:11).

1064?: God drives the Philistines from Mizpah (I Sam. 7:3-13).

1063-1055: Abdon succeeds Elon as judge 8 years (Judges 12:14).

1055-about 1028: Samuel remains as the last of the judges (I Sam. 7:15, 25:1).

1048-1008: Saul reigns in Israel 40 years (Acts 13:21).

1008-1006: Ish-bosheth, son of Saul, rules Israel 2 years (II Sam. 2:10).

(Fall) 1008-(spring) 1000: David rules Judah 7 years 6 months (II Sam. 2:11).

1000-967: David rules Israel and Judah from Jerusalem 33 years (II Sam. 5:5).

976, 975-942: Hiram rules Tyre 34 years (Josephus Against Apion 1:17-18).

968-928: Solomon rules Judah and Israel 40 years (II Kg. II Chron. 9:30).

Ziv or Iyar of 964: In his 4th year, the 480th after the Exodus, Solomon starts work on the temple (I Kings 6:1) in Hiram's 12th year (Against Apion 1:18).

Dry season of 928: Solomon dies; the nation is split (I Kings 12, II Chron. 11).

The Jewish king weights until Trumpets day to begin numbering his first year, but the Israelite king counts from Abib 1 just before his accession.

Contemporary Rulers
Related to Judah I Kings II Chron. Related to Israel I Kings
928-911: Rehoboam I Kings 14:21 II Chron. 12:13 928-906: Jeroboam I I Kings 14:20
911-908: Abijah I Kings 15:1-2 II Chron. 13:1-2 907-905: Nadab I Kings 15:25
908-867: Asa I Kings 15:9-10 II Chron. 16:13 906-882: Baasha I Kings 15:33
898-893: Wars II Chron. 14:1, 15:13 883-881: Elah I Kings 16:8
884?-844 Ben-hadad I Kings 15:17-22 II Chron. 15:19, 16:10 882-870: 'omri I Kings 16:21, 23
969: Asa retires II Chron. 16:12 871-850: Ahab I Kings 16:29
Starts numbering from before accession 859-824: Shalmaneser III of Assyria
870-845: Jehoshaphat I Kings 22:41-42, II Chron. 20:31 854-843: Jehoram (II Kings 3:1)
II Kings II Chron. 853: Ahab's troops at Karkara (Prichard P 278+)
851-843: Jehoram II Kings 8:16-17 II Chron. 21:5 850-848?: Ahaziah I Kings 22:51, II Kings 1:verse missing
843: Ahaziah II Kings 8:25-26 II Chron. 22:2 844-about 799: Hazael I Kings 8:7-15, 13:22 of Syria
844-837: Athaliah II Kings 11:1-4 II Chron. 22:10, 23:1 843-815: Jehu I Kings 10:36
843-803: Jehoash II Kings 12:1 II Chron. 24:1 820-803: Jehoahaz I Kings 13:1
805?-776?: Amaziah II Kings 14:1-2 II Chron. 25:1 806-790: Jehoash I Kings 13:10, 14:17
789-737: Azariah II Kings 15:1-2 II Chron. 26:3 802-751: Jeroboam II I Kings 14:23
775: Jotham's birth II Kings 15:33 II Chron. 27:1 Elul, 751-Adar, 750: Zechariah 15:8
755: Ahaz's birth II Kings 16:2 II Chron.  28:1 Adar-Abib, 750: Shallum I Kings 15:13 (not leap year)
751-735: Jotham II Kings 15:32-33 II Chron. 27:1 751-731: Pekah I Kings 15:27, 18 years Gilead
745-727: Tiglath-pileser I Chron. 5:26 749-739: Menahem I Kings 15:17, 23 changes numbering
740: Hezekiah's birth II Kings 18:2 II Chron. 29:1 739-737: Pekahiah I Kings 15:23
743-735: Ahaz minor II Kings 17:1 rule 737-731: Pekah at I Kings 15:27 Samaria
735-731: Ahaz major II Kings 16:1 ruler Ending 734: Events of  Isaiah 7
731-715: Ahaz II Kings 16:2 II Chron. 28:1 731-722: Hoshea I Kings 17:1
729?-715: Hezekiah's corule under Ahaz 727-722: Shalmaneser V I Kings 17:3 of Assyria
721-705: Sargon of Assyria Isa. 20:1 725-723: Smaria's I Kings 18:9-10 destruction
711: Sargon crushes Ashdod Isa. 20:1? 721: Sargon takes 27, 290 captives from Samaria.
715-686: Hezekiah is king of Judah 29 years (II Kings 18:2, II Chron. 29:1).

Spring of 714: Hezekiah's reforms (II Chron. 29:3).

705-681: Sennacherib rules Assyria (Ancient Mesopotamia by Oppenheim; Page 346).

703: Sennacherib defeats Merodach-baladan (Babylon by Joan Oates; P 115+; Is. 39:1).

701: Sennacherib invades Judah in Hezekiah's 14th year (Is. 36:1+, II Kings 18:13+).

690-664: Taharqa or Tirhakah of Ethiopia (Is. 37:9) is a 25th-dynasty Pharaoh (Third Intermediate Period In Egypt by Kitchen; 1973; Pages 467-468).

697-642: Manasseh reigns 55 years in Judah (II Kings 21:1, II Chron. 33:1).

681-669: Esarhaddon rules Assyria and sends captives to Samaria (Ezra 4:2).

669-627: Ashur-banipal rules Assyria (Prichard Pages 560-562 confirms 42 years).

642-640: Amon rules Judah 2 years (II Kings 21:19, II Chron. 33:21).

640-609: Josiah rules Judah 31 years (II Kings 22:1, II Chron. 34:1).

612: Nineveh's destruction told of in t-e Chaldean chronicles (Prichard Pages 304+).

610-594: Necho II who kills Josiah (II Kings 23:29) rules Egypt (Herodotus 2:159).

Tamnuz?-Tishri? 609: Jehoahaz reigns 3 months in Judah (II Kg. 23:31, II Chron. 36:2).

After Tishril, 609: Young Jehoiachin reigns 10 days i n Judah (II Chron. 36:9).

Tishri? 609-Chislev, 598: Jehoiakim rules Judah (II Kings 23:36, II Chron. 36:5).

609-539: Seventy years' supremacy for the king of Babylon (Jeremiah 25:11-12).

Tammuz, 607: Prince Nebuchadrezzar takes charge of the army (Chaldean Chronicle IV Chronicles of Chaldean Kings by Wiseman; Page 46+).

Spring, 606 or Summer, 605: Captivity of Daniel (Dan. 1:1).

Shebat, early 605: Nebuchadnezzar becomes king (as numbered by most Bible scribes).

August, 605-Oct., 562: Nebuchadnezzar is sole ruler (Babylonian Chronology by Parker and Dubberstein; Pages 12+ for succeeding empire rulers).

Dec. 19? 598-March 16, 597: Jehoiachin reigns 3 months in Jerusalem (II Kings 24:18).

March, 597-July or Aug., 587: Zedekiah reigns in Judah (Jer. 52:1, II Kings. 24:18).

595-589: Psammetichus II is another 26th-dynasty Pharaoh (Herodotus 2:161).

Sabbath July 1, Jewish Tamuz 5, 593: The vision of Ezekiel 1.

589-519: Seventy years of indignation against Judah (Jer. 39:1, Zech. 1:7,12).

589-570: Apries, or Apis (Jer. 46:15) is sole ruler in Egypt.

Jan., 588-June, 587: Siege against Jerusalem (II Kings Antiquities 10:8:1).

Sunday, Ab 9 (Ta'anith 29A) July 30 or Aug. 27, 587: The temple is destroyed.

587-517: Seventy years of fasts (Zech. 7:1-5).

October 12, 539: Babylon falls (Daniel 5, the Nabunaid Chronicle).

Oct., 530: Cyrus rules Persian empire; first official year, Nisan 538-537.

Aug., 530-July, 522: Cambyses, first Persian king of Daniel 11:2.

March-Sept., 522: Bardiya (Pseudo-smerdis), "Middle-East In Prophecy").

Dec.? 522-Nov., 486: Darius I rules and wrote the Behistun account in 517.

Nov., 486-Dec.? 465: Xerxes Ahasu-erus (Ezra 4:6 fourth of Daniel 11:2.

Early or middle of 482: Xerxes's banquet (Esther 1:3).

481-early 479: Xerxes is off fighting as Esther is in training (Esther 2:12).

Around Jan. 1, 478: Esther visits Xerxes (Esther 2:16-17).

March of 472 (counting fall-to-fall): Conclusion of Haman's lot (Esther 3:7).

June of 472: Esther acts on behalf of the Jews (Esther 4:15, 8:9).

Dec.? 465-Jan., 423: Arta-xerxes I rules (Chronology of Ezra 7 by Horn and Wood).

Dec., 457: Ezra's prayer includes earliest reference to rebuilding Jerusalem (9:9).

457 B.C.-A.D. 27: 69 sevens or weeks until a Messiah's coming (Dan. 9:25).

(Sept. 18? ) 167-(Nov. 11?) 164: 2300 offerings trampled (Dan. 8:13-14).

(Nov. 12? Deffective) Chislev 25, 164: First Honica (Ant. 12:5:7, 2 Mac. 1:9).

37-4 (Ant. 17:8:1; 37-3 (Wars 1:33:8)): Herod rules 34 years.

22: Temple building (Wars 1:21:1) ends 62 weeks begins 7 (Dan. 9:25, Dr. Hoeh 5-30-82).

19 B.C.-A.D. 28: 46 years temple is being built (Ant. 15:11:1, John 2:20).

4 B.C.-A.D. 6 (Ant. 17:13:2, 3 B.C.-A.D. 6 (Wars 2.111)) Archelaus rules Judea.

4 B.C.-A.D. 34 (or 3 B.C.-A.D. 34): Philip (Luke 3:1) rules 37 years (Ant. 18:4:6).

4 B.C.-A.D. 39 (or 3 B.C.-A.D. 40): Antipas rules 43 years (Palestine Exloration Quarterly January-June, 1982; Pages 3, 30-41 Coin evidence Page 30).

Years A.D.:

6: Lepidus and Aruntius were among the proconsuls for that year (Chronology of the Ancient World by E. J. Bickerman; Ithaca, N.Y.; Cornell; 1968; Page 183 within a year-by-year proconsul list).
   Archelaus is dethroned under the consult of Lepidus and Aruntius (says Dio Casjus 1:10:27, McClintock and Strong's Biblical Cyclopaedia Vol. 1, "Archelaus" Page 371).
   Quirinus after the banishment of Archelaus holds a census in Judea (Josephus's Ant. 18:1:1, Acts 5:37, M. and S. Ibid II, P. 630).

9 or 10, Passover: Jesus at the temple at age twelve (Luke 2:42).

August 19, 14-March 16, 37: Tiberius rules Rome (Was Christ Born At Bethlehem by W. M. Ramsay; London; Hodder and Stoughton; 1898; Page 223; Ramsay realized that Tiberius's first year by Luke's counting ended around the September equinox, See Page 221).

Nisan of 27-February of 37: Pontius Pilate governed ten official years until he got fired and was en route to Rome to give account when the emperor died (Ant. 18:4:2). If Josephus numbered the years beginning around Nisan after the appointment, conceivably Pilate was in office before September of 26.

October of 27-October of 28: This fifteenth year of Tiberius (Luke 3:1) included the first passover of Jesus's ministry 46 years since 19 B.C. when work by Herod's people began on the temple (Ant. 15:11:1, Anchor Bible: Book of John, concerning John 2:20).

January of 29: Jesus passes through Samaria four months before harvest (Anchor Bible concerning John 4:35).

April of 29: Grain harvest shows this was Spring (Luke 6:1).

June? of 29: Soon after Luke 6:17, a kind of lawgiving on a mountain is a Pentecost-season format alluding to Sinai? (Matt. 5:1).

Trumpets? September 27 (M.H.C.), of 29: "The feast of the Jews" (Byz. John 5:1). Parables indicative of Tabernacles themes Luke 8:4-18) after festival.

Rainy season of early 30: Feeding 5000 (John 6:4, 10, Luke 9:12-17).

Sept, 30-Oct. 7 of 30: Jerusalem festival-related activities (John 7:11, 10:21).

Autumn of 30: Old themes to new audiences (Luke 10:1, 13:21).

December of 30: The feast of dedication (John 10:22-39).

Thursday April 19 of 31: Supper at Bethany six days before passover (John 12:1).

Friday, April 20 of 31: Crowds learn of Jesus's arrival (John 12:9-11).

Sabbath, April 21, Nisan 10, 31: Entry into Jerusalem (John 12:12-19).

The next day, Sunday, April 22, 31: Temple cleansing (Mark 11:12-19).

Monday, Nisan 12, April 23: two days before passover (Mark 11:20, 14:2).

Late afternoon Nisan 13-14, Tuesday: Inquiry about passover (Mark 14:12).

Nisan 14, April 25, 31: Jews yet to eat passover (John 18:28, 19:31).

April 25-28, 31: Jesus in the heart of the earth (Matt. 12:40).

April 29-June 17, 31: Wave offering to Pentecost (John 20:17, Acts 2:1).

34-37: Paul conversion to first visit after to Jerusalem (Gal. 1:18).

Either 34-47 or 37-49: Fourteen years to another visit (Gal. 2:1).

Spring of 37: Aretas's accession at Damascus (II Cor. 11:32, Chronology of the Apostolic Age by Herald Hoehner; Dalas Theological Seminary Disortation of Doctorate; May, 1965; Page 25).

March 16, 37-Jan. 24, 41: Gaius (Caligula) is Emperor (P.E.Q. Pages 36-37).

Nisan of 37-March of 44: Herod Agrippa I rules seven years (Ant. 18: :(.237-238), 19: :(.350-351, P.E.Q. Page 36).

39: Matthew's gospel was written i n the eighth year after Christ's ascension wrote Theophylact in the eleventh century (Introduction to the New Testament by Everett F. Harrison; Grand Rapids; William B. Eerdmans; 1964: Page 165).

Jan. 25 of 41: Claudius succeeds Caligula as Roman emperor (P.E.Q. iBid).

Nisan of 43: Herod kills James; Peter escapes (Acts 12:1-19, P.E.Q. P. 36).

46: Nicephorus in the ninth century dated Matthew's writing to the fifteenth year after the ascension (Harrison Page 165).

46-47: Famine foretold by Agahus and Paul and Barnahus's relief visit.

April of 48-Septemeber of 49: Paul's first missionary journey (Acts 13:1-(Hoehner Page 382+ unless otherwise indicated).

Between September of 49 and September of 50: According to Orosius of the fifth century, Claudius expelled the Jews from Rome in his ninth year, a year before a famine at Home (Hoehner Pages 82-83, Ramsay's Was Christ Born At Bethlehem Page 223).

Autumn of 49: Jerusalem council (Acts 15:1-29).

April of 50-September of 52: Paul's second journey (Acts 15:40, 18:18).

Summer of 51-Summer of 52: Gallio is proconsul (Acts 18:12, Hoehner Pp. 87-96).

Last of September of 52: Paul at Jerusalem (Acts 18:22).

Spring of 53-May of 57: Paul's third missionary Journey (Acts 18:23, 21:15).

October 13, 54: Nero succeeds Claudius as emperor (The Histoy of the Jewish People In the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C.-A.D. 135) by Emil Schurer; Edinburgh; T. and T. Clark, L.T.D.; 1973, Vol. 1, P. 466).

Sabbath May 28-Thursday June 9, 57: Paul's 12 days at Jerusalem (Acts 21:18, 24:12) assuming he made it for Pentecost (Acts 20:16).

Summer of 57-Summer of 59: Paul's two year imprisonment till after Festus succeeds Felix (Acts 24:27).

August of 59-Feb. 60: Voyage to Rome (Acts 27:1, 28:29).

February of 60-March of 62: Roman imprisonment (Acts 28:30).

Spring of 62: James, the Lord's brother, murdered (Ant. 20: :(.200) New Testament Background: Selected Documents by by C. K. Barrett; New York; Harper and Rowe; 1961; Pages 199-200).

62-64: Paul in Macedonia, Asia, etc (Philemon 22).

64-66: Paul in Spain (alluded to in 1 Clement 5).

Spring 66-Autumn 67: Paul in Asia and Greece.

Autumn of 67: Paul is arrested and writes II Timothy.

Spring of 68: Paul is executed.

67-76: Linus is bishop at Rome (Popes Through the Ages by Joseph S. Brusher; Princeton, N.J.; D. Van Nostrand Company Inc.; 1959).

68-69: Four emperors succeed within eighteen and a half months upon Nero's death (Josephus's Wars 4:9:2, 4:9:9, 4:11:4) with the accession of Vespasian.

April 14 (Abib 14), 70: Beginning of siege against Jerusalem (Wars 5:13:7). [the fourtenth by observation - the thirteenth by calculation].

Sunday, August 5 (Ab 9), 70: The day commemorated in the Babylonian Talmud Ta'anith 29a dates according to Lunar observation; using calculation Sunday fell on Ab 10. Josephus recognized Ab 10 as the day that fire was set to both first and second temples (Wars 6:4:5 which would be proof of calculation if both days (August 27, 587 B.C. and August 5, 70) were the Ab 9 days of the Talmud.

September 2 (M.H.C. Hebrew calculation), September 3 (Observation), XX Elul 8, 70: Final destruction of Jerusalem in the second year of Vespasian (Wars 6:4:5, 6:8:5).

76-91: Cletus is bishop at Home (Popes Through the Ages).

79-81: Titus is Roman emperor (Eusebius's Church History 3:13).

81-96: Domitian rules as emperor.

91-100: Clement I is bishop at Rome (Popes Through the Ages).

95 or 96: John writes the Revelation during the persecutions by Domitian near the end of his reign (Eus. Church History 3:18).

96: Clement writes to Corinth mentioning the oldest surviving reference to the death both of Peter and Paul (Early Christian Writings translated by Maxwell Staniforth; Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England; Penguin books, L.T.D.; Page 17).

         
Publication Date: May 12, 1986
Back To Top