THE TINY ATOM - Big Mystery for Science!
Plain Truth Magazine
July 1969
Volume: Vol XXXIV, No.7
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THE TINY ATOM - Big Mystery for Science!
Garner Ted Armstrong & Paul W Kroll  

When you look into matter, the stuff of which all things are made, you get the jolt of your life. Did matter just "happen"? Or did it come into existence by design?

   You're living in the atomic age. Since 1945, the human family has become almost universally aware of the vast power somehow locked within matter — aware that scientists have discovered methods to unleash such gigantic explosions that the mind cannot conceive of their force.
   It was inconceivable, for instance, that by the 1950's one bomber could carry more explosive force in its bomb bay than the total number of bombs and shells expended by all participants in World War II.
   All over the world, atomic reactors festoon proud nations with a claim to belonging in the nuclear age.
   But "atomic" and "nuclear" are words that are little understood — even by scientists. While we use them in casual conversation — and with a good deal of apprehension — they are terms dealing with the basic building blocks of the universe itself — terms having to do with whit IS, what EXISTS.

Why Won't Scientists Ask "WHY?"

   For several years, we have been challenging the whole structure of evolutionary thought — showing the utter inadequacies of the theory to explain HOW the universe came to be — HOW the solar system came to be — HOW the earth began. More, we have repeatedly shown the utter IMPOSSIBILITY of the theory by using the scientist's own admissions — using the tools and methods of science to prove how utterly unscientific is the theory of LIFE without a Lifegiver; LAWS without a LAWgiver; DESIGN without a DESIGNER; CREATION without a CREATOR — and the operation and sustaining power of all things without a Sustainer!
   If you are a new subscriber, and you have not yet read some of the colorfully illustrated booklets we have on the fallacies of evolution — write for them now.
   Science does not ask WHY. Scientists urge students NOT to ask such questions — insisting they are beyond the realm of science. Yet, the WHY of creation is entirely within the realm of true science. Scientists use guesses, assumptions, theories. They sift and sort various phenomena within certain postulates, trying to see "what will work." Ultimately, they claim to come to conclusions.
   They have come to the "conclusion" — so many claim — that there IS NO CREATOR GOD. So, while science has admitted time and again it does not "wish to step into the realm of theology," it does not hesitate to attempt dismissal of all theology, without having looked into it at all!
   Probably, many an unsuspecting young student assumes the most prominent men of current evolutionary thought have carefully searched the Bible — assume they have looked at ALL POSSIBILITIES for plausible explanations for things. They may vaguely guess these intelligent men have found the Bible wanting in many respects, and so turned to evolution as an alternative.
   Not so.
   Most scientists fail to consider the possibility of a sudden creation for even a moment.
   Still — everything they study — laws, forces, energies, the very building blocks of matter; AND every living creature, every fossil creature, and every evidence of the past of our planet INEVITABLY POINT TO A SUDDEN BEGINNING!
   So science says it concerns itself with "HOW" and with "WHAT" more than with "WHY?"
   Yet, the more scientists learn, the more they find they do NOT KNOW about even the "how" and the "what" of this universe, our earth, and life upon it!
   Since some scientists (by no means all) seem so eager to come to the conclusion there is no God WITHOUT PROOF — it would seem they are dealing with "why?" after all. Only, they're primarily saying "why not."

The Ivory Towers

   In past articles, we have shown how scientists have, as a profession, become among the most respected, admired, and even adulated people in history. The modern pseudo-god — the "all-powerful, all-knowing," protector, provider, sustainer, and giver of every good gift is "science."
   And today, the industrial application of various scientific discoveries — our whole panorama of technologies — stands knee-deep in the most incredible morass of pollution to befoul the good earth in all history; threatening the very extinction of the human race whether any nuclear war or no.
   Science; the application of scientific discovery by technology, is long overdue to become suspect of being another Dagon. Millions upon millions presently believe their modern "scientific environment" is an aggrandized, ennobled way of life. Painfully, more and more of those same millions are becoming aware of the fact the very essence of their lives could become their ultimate and most "scientific" obituary. It could read, "Here lies man, degraded and degradable, totally buried in non-degradable, scientifically-produced trash, shattered by nuclear wars. Here lies the human race — scientifically extinct."
   Scientists have characterized themselves as the most honest; the most godly men — who have no responsibility for determining the USE to which their discoveries may be put. Witness the atomic and hydrogen bombs. Even those most directly concerned with the discovery and development of such powerful forces disclaim any responsibility for their misuse.
   And doctors would have sneeringly told you how utterly old fashioned you were for wondering whether thalidomide would have deformed your child only a few years ago.
   But it's time scientists were told of their AWESOME RESPONSIBILITY!
   As a profession, as a group of men — scientists, with their education, training, and with the tools for study, observation, measurement and experimentation at their fingertips — have the LEAST EXCUSE FOR DENYING GOD OF ANY MEN ON EARTH!
   Yet, they seem foremost, yes, as a group, in doing just that!
   Why? Well, for one thing, the hydrogen atom never told anyone to repent of his sins — never commanded obedience to MORAL laws — never set a WAY OF LIFE in front of carnal man.
   Many men of science KNOW there is a God — and are quick to point out that the laws of nature and the tools of modern science reveal the strongest proofs of that fact. As to how thoroughly those same men find out what that God has SAID about the human family — its reason for being here — and its future destiny, we don't know.
   But scientists have been too cloistered; too ivory-towered; too prone to remove themselves from effects of modern science and technology.
   At the very heart of any beginning discussion about whether there really IS a God or not is the CREATION!

A Challenge to Answer!

   If there IS a God, and if that God inspired the words of Romans 1:20, then His challenge to you — and to scientists — is to LOOK AT WHAT EXISTS — at what has been CREATED.
   He said: "For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse."
   Scientists are challenged to look at MATTER, then to find out WHAT IT IS — and HOW IT OPERATES, and see whether it PROVES GOD EXISTS or not.
   In this article, let's do it for them.
   Let's look into the very latest scientific knowledge about MATTER. About WHAT it is, and how it operates. Let's see whether there is proof of RANDOMNESS and HAPPENSTANCE; proof of accident and chance; or whether proof of LIVING, DYNAMIC, LAW — proof of God!
   In this century, science has penetrated the secret world of the atom. Discoveries have shown how awesome, complex and lawful this inner sanctum of matter really is. Our entire existence depends on the lawful functioning of the atomic world. Yet, since it is unseen, we take it for granted.
   You flip the switch on the wall, assuming the light will come on. If it doesn't, your immediate reaction is: "The bulb has burnt out!"
   You don't say: "Well, I guess the LAWS which regulate electricity have ceased to operate today!"
   You look at the horizon in the morning, assuming the sun will come up. There's even an old clichι, "as sure as the rising of the sun," which points up how much we take this for granted.

Dependency on Law

   Suppose the laws regulating the rotation of astral bodies failed during some night, and there was no sunrise the next morning.
   Suppose the laws governing light did suddenly become erratic. You turn on a 100-watt bulb and get 10,000,000 watts of electricity. (Of course, an utter impossibility.) Or you check the refrigerator, and find it's no longer cooling but heating up. You wake up one morning and find yourself floating in space. The "law of gravity" has ceased to function normally.
   It's ridiculous to even think such ideas. That merely proves how much we take the orderly functioning of this earth and the universe FOR GRANTED! But if this lawfulness didn't exist, we simply couldn't function or exist.
   Scientists assume and stake their theories and postulates on this one basic, central premise — that all matter functions according to set laws. Otherwise every experiment and calculation in physics, in chemistry, astronomy and in all the other sciences would be meaningless!
   All true science is built on this one postulate: THE UNIVERSE IS GOVERNED BY LAW! The existence of your life on earth depends on this fact.

Technology and the Law

   How is a new product or sophisticated technical apparatus developed? By first discovering the basic principles — the laws — which govern matter and energy.
   We pride ourselves on the 20th century technological revolution. But all man is doing is attempting to discover and understand more completely the basic structure and operation of the physical world around him. It's all a simple matter of getting in HARMONY with the laws that govern this universe.
   For example. Throw a rock through the air. The path the rock follows isn't an accident. Where it goes is already decided by how hard you threw the object, air temperature, wind direction, size of the object, gravitational attraction, degree of rotation of the earth and a host of other phenomena.
   If you completely and thoroughly understood every force which would affect the rock — and had the instruments to measure these effects — you could predict EXACTLY where and how that rock would land!

Too Much to Understand

   Today, scientists are attempting to discover and catalogue principles that control matter.
   Scientists admit they are finding it a tough area of research. The more they uncover, the more they find themselves beset with mysteries and uncertainties.
   These crucial keys that unlock the doors to technological advance are found buried deep in the heart of atomic structure — in the elementary particles of matter.
   One scientist admits: "Since all matter is made up of these elementary particles, an understanding of how they behave is necessary in order to understand how matter as a whole behaves. Therefore the laws of nature governing elementary particles must be considered the most basic of laws.
   "This is the field of physics that is the MOST PUZZLING AT THE PRESENT TIME" (The Laws of Physics, Milton Rothman, p. 17).
   Another scientist put it this way.
   "A thorough study... impresses one with a feeling that here is a conspiracy of nature to prevent man from acquiring too much detailed information. A conspiracy of nature is a law of nature; we cannot pass it over as being of no importance. It is as if nature had erected a WALL OF IMPENETRABILITY around the smallest particles and forced us to see them only partially, as if through the cracks in the wall" (The Structure of the Universe, Vol. I, Smithsonian Treasury of Science, Edited by Webster P. True, p. 20).
   In studying the atomic structure of matter, only one point is certain — and that is UNCERTAINTY. It may sound strange; but for scientists it's no laughing matter. In practical fact, scientists not only do not really know how matter "operates" in every case — but they do not know what "matter" IS, The fact of worldwide pollution; of tragic mistakes in dealing with our environment is proof that science really knows little about the forces it toys with.

The Impenetrable Barrier

   A popular scientific book explains the cold, hard facts that so far have limited science!
   "We must invoke a rule about atoms, that has, for most physicists, removed any hope that there will ever again be a really clear-cut picture of the atom or of a nucleus. It's very name is, in fact, the principle of uncertainty... briefly, it stated that there was no way at all of keeping precise tabs on an electron or any atomic particle.
   "Electrons are so tiny, and light waves so relatively course, that to try to pinpoint an orbiting electron with light waves would be like trying to measure the thickness of a sheet of paper with a yardstick.
   "Even if we used a gauge fine enough (and it would require an X-ray of short-wavelength), the very impact of the X-ray would disturb the course of an electron" (Matter, Life Science Library, Ralph E. Lapp, p, 157).

Advances in Spite of Limitations

   In spite of the problems, man has learned much about the atom! Make no mistake about it.
   Only by unraveling a few of the inner secrets of matter has man been able to develop computers, transistors, superconductors, lasers. The entire field of micro-electronics — where an entire electronic circuit can be placed on a pinhead — has been accomplished through man's search into the world of the atom.
   Scientists have developed myriad forms of plastics and synthetic materials that give even the most informed person pause. Products from saran wrap, to film, to vinyl seat cushions, to nonstick frying pans, to polyethylene bottles are all results of secrets that scientists have pried loose from the stubborn atom.
   Max von Laue started it all by using X rays to peer into the heart of matter and examine the arrangements of solids. With a landslide of accumulating knowledge, scientists have continued to manipulate the basic elements to manufacture products unheard of a century ago.
   But in spite of all the research, all the development, the new products, discovery of particles — man is still beset by mysteries. Not only do scientists find it impossible to explain WHERE matter came from and WHY it is here — they now find it virtually impossible to explain WHAT matter really is.
   "It begins to appear," one author admits, "that the question of WHAT matter is can probably not be answered — at least in the present — in an ultimate, unchanging way" (Matter, Life Science Library, Ralph E, Lapp, p, 12).

What Is Matter? The Best Current Definitions

   All matter and energy in the universe is constructed of a relatively few basic elements. These are made of atoms. Tiny atoms, in turn, are made of basic particles — protons, neutrons, electrons. However, not all scientists agree on this. These particles ( — if they do exist in such relationships) are the building blocks of the universe.
   Matter, humanly speaking, is anything that occupies "space." Although, on the atomic level we see that this concept isn't exactly correct. But anything you touch or feel — the book you are reading, the clothes you wear, the food you eat, the fragrance you smell, the water you drink, the car you drive all this is "matter."
   Matter is made up of molecules. For example, you can break up a lump of sugar into smaller and smaller fragments — until you get down to grains. and then powder. Ultimately you reach a limit.
   There is a minute smallness past which you can't divide that particle of sugar without destroying the PROPERTIES of sugar.

"Giant" Statistics

   Of course, a molecule cannot be seen with the human eye alone. An empty milk bottle is estimated to contain 27,000,000,000,000,000,000 (27 quintillion) air molecules! A quarter-ounce teaspoon of water may have 9,940,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 water molecules since liquid is more closely packed together than air.
   Molecules are made up of atoms. For example, a sugar molecule is made up of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen atoms. It would take much more than a million average-sized atoms set edge to edge to match the thickness of an ordinary piece of paper. It would take one hundred million "average sized" atoms, side by side, to make an inch. Make each of them as large as a golf ball and you could stretch them from New York to Los Angeles, On the curved surface of a nickel-plated dressmaker's pin you can "see" 200 quadrillion nickel atoms!

World of the Atom

   The atom is a giant in comparison to its parts. The nucleus within the atom is tinier yet. It would take a hundred thousand nuclei to stretch across the diameter of an average-sized atom. The size of such a "typical" nucleus would be 1/10,000,000,000,000 of an inch thick.
   If the atom were as large as an auditorium, the nucleus would be as tiny as a housefly. Yet, the nucleus houses about 99.9% of the atom's matter. One physicist estimated that if electrons could be stripped away from atoms — one cubic inch of solid nuclei would weigh nearly fifteen tons!
   In other words, most of the atom is "empty" space. Can your mind conceive of something so infinitesimally tiny? But it all operates according to definite, tangible laws. Atoms are so miniscule, a new unit had to be invented to describe atomic sizes. It's the angstrom un it. It's equal to 108 cm. That's about one/one hundred millionth of a centimeter. In inches this is how it would be written: .000000003937 of an inch! This is the figure used to measure the building blocks of creation,
   Atoms are "hopelessly small." The human eye cannot ever hope to actually see atoms with visible light. Although with electron beams, molecules of 50 to 100 angstrom units can be recorded for observation through photographs. With the latest types of electron microscopes, particles down to a few angstroms can be "seen" in some cases. The smallest atom, hydrogen, has a radius of only 0.46 angstroms; the largest, cesium, has a radius of only 2.62 angstroms. Some 100 million angstroms equals one centimeter; 250 million angstroms equals one inch.

Inside an Atom

   Scientists consider the nucleus to be made up of subatomic particles! The size of one of the "larger" subatomic particles, the proton, would require 2,500,000,000,000 (2.5 trillion) of them to equal an inch.
   Another subatomic particle is yet smaller. It is the electron which whirls around outside the nucleus. If the nucleus of a hydrogen atom were enlarged to the size of a baseball, the electron would be a speck of dust eight blocks away.
   Fantastically enough — scientists say — matter is mostly empty space. Some physicists tell us: "Eliminate the air or empty space in a group of atoms the size of a man and he would be a speck of dust." The earth's atoms compacted would constitute a ball perhaps one half of a mile in diameter, instead of the present 8,000 miles in diameter.
   In this infinitesimally tiny area is a sort of universe. (Although, conventional words and pictures cannot adequately describe subatomic phenomena.) This .000000002-of-an-inch-in-diameter atom may house as many as one hundred electrons. These orbit the nucleus with such tremendous speed that they would look like a giant enveloping cloud whirring around.
   It is this everywhere-at-the-same-time character of the electron which gives matter its "solid" appearance.
   Can your mind grasp such phenomena? Such small sizes?

Beyond Human Comprehension

   The speeds are so great, the sizes so tiny that a complete understanding of basic atomic structure lies outside the grasp of scientists.
   One particle, discovered not too long ago, has a lifetime of only one-ten-thousandth of a millionth of a millionth of a millionth of a second! This is ten times the life of similar particles.
   So far away is this from human understanding that no physical model can adequately describe the atom.
   By 1960, scientists had classified about 34 subatomic particles. They were observed on photographic plates and in cloud chambers.
   Since that time, physicists have been able to construct more powerful tools to disrupt nuclei. Hints of new particles have begun to appear. Today, depending on which laboratory is doing the counting, the number of particles may run as high as ONE HUNDRED!
   Other physicists are convinced that
SEEING ELEMENTARY PARTICLES — A proton collides with a particle called an " anti-proton" in a bubble chamber, left. The mass of both is completely annihilated and turned into new particles called mesons. Artist's simplified drawing at right. — Brookhoven National/Laboratory Photo — (See PDF For Pictures)
these particles are merely combinations of three elementary particles — the proton, electron and neutron. Others say the neutron is merely a form of the proton. That in fact there are only TWO basic particles that make up all matter.

Physics in Confusion

   Summarizing all this confusion, one scientist blurted out:
   "To further confuse the beginner is the accepted idea that atomic particles can be treated as solid little bodies and, at the same time, as some kind of waves. In practice the physicist uses whichever view suits his calculations.
   "In many respects the physics of elementary particles today is at a very real crossroads. It will be fun to watch men struggle to adjust observation to theory, to find the new observations that help build a more adequate model.
   "Curiously, although many people call physics 'an exact science',
TABLE OF ELEMENTS REVEALS LAWFULNESS OF MATTER — (See PDF page 22 for explanation and chart)
there is MORE CONFUSION THAN CERTAINTY in the nuclear particle field today" (Frontiers of Nuclear Physics, Walter S. Houston, p. 5).
   Are there only two basic particles? Are there over 100? Is there such a thing as a Periodic Table of the particles — as there is for the chemical elements?
   These are still unknown as physicists battle to catch a glimpse of this fantastic world of the atom.

The Great Arrangement

   The universe is made up of billions of different objects. Yet, fantastically enough, these are constructed from 88 simple — but unseen — stable elements occurring in nature.
   In turn, these elements are all made up of atoms. But atoms are simply made up of little-understood electric charges. All matter is merely a lawful ARRANGEMENT of the little-understood "positive" and "negative" electric charges.
   Matter, then, is just so much energy, or force. It is as if, in some mind-defying way, some indescribable amount of POWER has been so arranged in endlessly interacting and interrelated patterns that all "matter" is stored power.
   But this, too, is inadequate.
   How? When? Why?
   Should we "avoid" stepping into the realm of "theology" when time and time again we are led, by the very tools of science, to the utterly inescapable conclusion that only a Supreme, ALL-POWERFUL, CREATOR-RULER — with mind so awesome and power so vast it is incomprehensible — CREATED all this, and by His POWER sustains it?

How to "Form" Matter

   Start with hydrogen. It has one proton. Add one proton, you have helium. Add another and you have lithium. Boron has five protons, carbon has six, nitrogen has seven. Keep adding one proton and you will ultimately form the 103 known elements.
   To keep the atom neutral you have to add one electron to each atom also. The electrons will arrange themselves so as to produce a periodic change in chemical properties. This is "all" there is to it!
   Let's illustrate how matter is constructed. Ever wonder what sand is?
   It's a "simple" combination of silicon and oxygen — two differently appearing yet deceptively similar elements. This is the formula for sand: SiO2. In everyday language, one atom of silicon (Si) will unite like a tinker toy with two atoms of oxygen to form a substance we know as sand.
   Water (H2O) is merely a "covalent" bond between two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Here the electrons are shared between the atoms.
   The other important type of combination — the ionic bond — is illustrated by table salt. It's made up of sodium atoms (Na) and chlorine atoms (CI).
   However, the number of neutrons the third building block of matter — can vary even within an element. A particular type of atom, that is, one with a specified number of electrons, protons, AND neutrons, is referred to as a specific isotope. Hence, we have carbon-12 and carbon-14. These are two isotopes of carbon, one with an atomic weight of 12 and another of 14. Both have an atomic number of 6 (determined by the number of protons). Therefore, carbon-12 must have 6 neutrons and carbon-14 has 8 neutrons. All work with precision and order.

Reason for Order Unknown

   "The orderliness of solids is a rather astonishing fact of nature. Physicists have become used to the fact, and they often forget that they DO NOT REALLY KNOW WHY atoms adopt orderly arrangements" (Crystals and Crystal Growing, Alan, Holden and Phylis Singer, p. 25).
   Yet, more than any other property, ORDERLINESS distinguishes solids from gases and liquids. And solids have their own peculiar structures. You can prove it for yourself by simply looking around you.
   Take mica, for example.
   You can peel sheet after sheet of
Seven Crystal Systems — (See PDF page 24 and 25 for pictures and explanation)
mica from any given hunk. The conclusion is obvious, that the atoms in mica are arranged in great sheets.
   The same way with salt.
   Dissolve the salt and let the water evaporate. The salt will come back in cubes. It is quite clear that the salt molecules are atomically arranged in little cubes.
   The cleavage properties of minerals are dependent on this atomic structure. Mica will always "cleave" in great sheets. Since this can occur in any part of a hunk of mica and this peeling is repetitive in a particular direction, it is quite clear that there is some unseen building block on which the mineral is constructed. Cleavage properties are the OUTER EXPRESSION of an inner regularity of atomic arrangement.

The Phenomena of Organization

   The endless variety of substances is due to their stability and their orderliness. At first glance, you assume that there are more kinds of disorder than order. But actually there is ONE kind of disorder. It is like the endless mountain of untold scores of papers piled on a desk. There is only one "pile" in total disarray. To make those papers accessible and usable, you have to arrange them in regular, orderly groups.
   But things just don't "happen" to arrange themselves. No pile of papers automatically arranges itself on a desk.
   You could toss a deskful of papers in the air for a lifetime and NEVER arrange them as you want them. You could dump truckload after truckload of bricks for all eternity. They simply would never arrange themselves into a building.
   Yet, solids are orderly. They can fit together to be shaped into objects. It takes a mind to straighten out a desk of papers. It takes a mind and hands to arrange bricks according to a blueprint to build a house.
   It took the MIND OF GOD devising definite laws (bound up in the inherent properties of each solid) to construct the atoms which form the basis of matter.
   There is simply no way to explain the characteristic shape or "habits" of crystals without the hand of God.

Order — Proof of Creation

   The outer shape of crystals reveals internal organization. For example, if you piled brick upon brick in regular order, you would come up with a definitely shaped solid. The definite shape is the expression of each of those bricks — properly placed.
   Could a pile of bricks so align themselves by chance? Could matter align itself by chance? One author admits:
   "It is conceivable that piling the bricks without following a definite plan might fortuitously result in a regular outward form. If, however, one were to encounter hundreds of such piles having the same outward appearance and all composed of bricks the same size and shape, it would be impossible to assume that they resulted from chance: all must have been built according to a definite plan" (Dana's Manual of Mineralogy, 17th edition, pp. 10 & 11).
   Yet, that is exactly what evolutionists must have you assume — that the orderliness of matter arose of itself.

The Big Seven

   Most minerals — about 1500 to 2000 common ones — are composed of crystals. Even such unusual items as teeth, eggshells, textile fibers and match-sticks have crystal patterns. In turn crystals are just aggregates or masses of atoms. And the fantastic thing about every crystal is that each one obeys definite architectural arrangements.
   Transistorized radios, TV sets, lasers and other more complex instruments are dependent on crystal structure. A laser is possible because a synthetic ruby crystal can be made! Amazingly enough, every crystal belongs to one of seven basic crystal systems.
   Here are the seven systems with an example of each one:
   1. Isometric (same measure) — diamond
   2. Tetragonal (four angles or four square) — tin
   3. Orthorhombic (at right angles) — sulphur
   4. Monoclinic (one incline) — cane sugar
   5. Triclinic (three inclines) — boric acid
   6. Hexagonal (six square) — zinc
   The sixth system is generally divided in two equal categories — trigonal (rhombohedral) and hexagonal — making seven systems.
   The basic systems break down into thirty-two types. Each can be mathematically determined by the possible number of ways in which the atoms can arrange themselves.
   But by what LAW does this arrangement take place? How did this arrangement build itself into matter?

The Knowledge Gap

   Why do electrons, protons, neutrons take the form they do? In fact, what are these particles? What are the forces that take place deep within the nucleus? — and regulate its activities? By what laws do these forces operate? How did these particles come to operate by such astoundingly simple but lawful principles? Why does matter operate according to law?
   These are all unanswered questions. And even if they were answered, it would only prove more conclusively that basic laws mould all matter.
   But the more is known — the greater the mystery. Scientists aren't even sure that the basic negative, positive and neutral charges have any "volume." Nor are they sure that they "occupy space." Nor can they be certain if they are even "particles" or "waves." They don't really know — period.
   Could the existence of matter be the result of happenstance or blind caprice? The intricate building blocks, the astounding laws which govern them, the inter-relationship and inter-dependency of all these items is far too complex to have "evolved." Such an unscientific guess is in reality an insult to human intelligence!
   You are here. You live — you exist. And you are made up of just so much "matter." You are a living, thinking, metabolic organism — and there is a PURPOSE in your life! You are here for a reason!
   It's long past time you were finding out why!
   All these laws had to be set in motion instantaneously at the same time that matter was created. There is just no other logical explanation.

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Plain Truth MagazineJuly 1969Vol XXXIV, No.7