A modern-day exodus of rural people is converging upon big cities everywhere. Farmers, peasants and small-town folk are fleeing the grip of rural poverty. But are they finding a better life in the big city? Who would have believed it 100 years ago? From America's heartland to the Brazilian outback, from South Africa's platteland to the tiny agricultural villages of Southeastern Asia, rural people everywhere are ' picking up their earthly possessions and moving to the big city. Prior to 1850, there was no nation with a primarily urban population. The world was mostly rural. But at the turn of the century, the creation of a truly urban world became a distinct trend. Great Britain led the way to urbanization, achieving the status of an urban-oriented society by 1900.
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