EUROPE: CATASTROPHE AND REVIVAL - EMPEROR VS. POPE - Part 4
Paul W Kroll
It is emperor against pope as the Hohenstaufen rulers seek to make the Holy Roman Empire a messianic kingdom of God on earth. The emperors fail; their empire is shattered by the papacy. With the destruction of the Holy Roman Empire, chaos settles over Europe. On Earth God has placed no more than two powers," claimed Frederick Barbarossa, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, "one Pope and one Emperor."
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