The Mideast has seen three Arab-Israeli wars in two decades. The bitter fruits of these wars have been widespread destruction, the loss of thousands of lives, and the tragic displacement of refugees on both sides. But where are the solutions? Raouf el-Gammal lived the first 22 years of his life in the Middle East, graduating from the University of Alexandria in Egypt. In 1963 he was chosen as the official delegate of the Arab Republic of Egypt to the New York Herald Tribune World Youth Forum held in the United States. Prior to his departure he received extensive instruction in Middle Eastern affairs and in particular the Palestinian refugee question. Under the auspices of the Ministry of Education he visited many of the refugee camps and was thoroughly schooled in the Arab point of view.
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