EUROPE: CATASTROPHE AND REVIVAL - The German Empire of the Dark Ages - Part 3
Paul W Kroll
As Europeans watched year 1000 approach, they voiced dire forebodings that the end of the world was at hand. Europe was in shambles politically. The papacy had become, as one historian phrased it, a "Pornocracy." Surprisingly, when A. D. 1000 rolled around, Europe was united and prospering. This third in the series explains the immediate cause of the revival of European civilization - the Holy Roman Empire. The empire was still in existence when he wrote in the eighteenth century. The empire had survived for almost a thousand years since that historic Christmas day in A.D. 800 when Pope Leo II had placed the golden crown on Charlemagne's head, investing him "Emperor of the Romans." But even that dramatic ceremony merely stamped finis on a drama that itself had been unfolding for hundreds of years previously, among the Germanic Franks.
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