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Who Is Lord? Caesar or Christ?
Plain Truth Magazine
December 1979
Volume: Vol 44, No.10
Issue: ISSN 0032-0420
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Who Is Lord? Caesar or Christ?
Herbert W Armstrong   
Church of God

Born: July 31, 1892
Died: January 16, 1986
Member Since: 1928
Ordained: 1931
Office: Apostle

Herbert W. Armstrong founded the Worldwide Church of God in the late 1930s, as well as Ambassador College in 1946, and was an early pioneer of radio and tele-evangelism, originally taking to the airwaves in the 1930s from Eugene, Oregon.

Personal from Herbert W Armstrong

   Now politicians trying to take over and run the Worldwide Church of God are saying that I, as an apostle, have no voice or authority in how Church funds are expended, but only in what they term "ecclesiastical functions"—while on the other hand Mr. Stanley R. Rader, because he was not yet ordained, has no authority in the Church's "ecclesiastical" affairs.
   In other words, the politicians are trying to tell us on what basis the Church of God must be organized.
   This Church was founded in 31 A.D. by Jesus Christ. The present era of that same Church was founded in the autumn of 1933, according to the biblical pattern as ordained by the Almighty God. The present era was started in Oregon, not in California. Yet California politicians are now trying to tell us how it should be administered.
   First, although it is organized according to God's pattern in the Bible, it is not a secular organization, but a spiritual organism.
   In I Corinthians 12, the Word of God tells us that in addition to spiritual GIFTS, "there are DIFFERENCES OF ADMINISTRATIONS, but the same Lord.... But all these [spiritual gifts] worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he [God] will.... For the body is not one member, but many. If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body? ... But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him [not politicians].... And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles..." (verses 5, 11, 14-15, 18, 28).
   In Ephesians 4 these ranks are apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers. They are for the Church's WORK (Ephesians 4:11-12).
   Very evidently these officers are listed as ranks in authority. For example, only four prophets are mentioned in the New Testament, and not one set any church doctrines or beliefs. Not one exercised any authority. There are no prophets in the Church today, and no record of any for 1900 years.
   The word "apostle" means, literally, "one sent forth" with the gospel message. However, Matthew 16:18 and 18:1-2, 18 show that an apostle carries top authority on the human level, under Christ. For example, he is in authority over finances for spreading the gospel though financial details may be delegated to one under him.
   When the Church of God was founded in 31 A.D., it was founded, NOT on any form enforced by civil political government, but founded on the apostles (New Testament) and prophets (Old Testament), Jesus Christ being the chief cornerstone (Ephesians 2:20). The living Jesus Christ was the HEAD of the Church. It was a spiritual organism, not a secular organization. From the very beginning it was opposed by civil political government. Its original membership of 120 (Acts 1:15) started that day of Pentecost. That same inaugural day, God added about three thousand members to the church—all baptized that day.
   For some two years the membership, under the leadership of the apostles, and of Christ from heaven, multiplied.
   Jesus had commissioned His apostles to be sent forth proclaiming Christ's gospel message of the Kingdom of God. In spite of political secular government, they started going into all the world with this Kingdom message. By what means? By the means then available to them—afoot, and by sailboat. They certainly did not consult the political governments regarding their manner of going forth into all the world with the gospel.
   After two years, severe opposition set in. Much of it was by false apostles, but these soon sought political government persecution and opposition against proclaiming Christ's gospel. Peter, John, Paul and others were thrown into jail overnight—but God by supernatural power released them. Though persecuted, even as the same Church is today, the Work of proclaiming the Kingdom of God went on.
   In our day Jesus Christ prepared and raised up Herbert W. Armstrong as His chosen apostle to carry on the proclaiming of the gospel worldwide, and ministering to the membership in local congregations.
   In our day we live in a totally different world, especially in means of transportation and communication. The living Christ started me on radio in January 1934, and through the printed message beginning February 1934. Comparatively rapid mail delivery was by then available, and rail travel, beside the telephone. We first went on television in July 1955. Finally came air travel—first prop planes, then jet.
   The Work of God started from Eugene, Oregon. No state government gave us instructions as to how the Church and its work should be organized or conducted. In 1947, headquarters were moved to Pasadena, California. The Work was growing 30 percent a year. To conduct the growing operations of Christ's Great Commission, Ambassador College was founded in 1947. It was the ONLY college on earth ACCREDITED by GOD!
   It had become necessary to incorporate, and the Work has been conducted strictly according to the legally stated PURPOSES of the Church in our incorporation and our legally required constitution and bylaws. In all such matters, we complied fully with state corporation laws and requirements.
   It was not until January 3, 1979, 46 years after the raising up of this era of the Church of God, that the Church of God suffered persecution by the Attorney-General's office of the state of California.
   For the first time, to my knowledge, a state civil political government within the United States claimed that it owned all Church property, and was empowered to fire the apostle of the living Christ, and reorganize and OPERATE the Church of the living GOD! Although God commands us, in the Bible, to be subject in our personal and individual lives, to the political government of man which has jurisdiction over us in ordinary processes of law and order, yet when authorities of human civil government commanded the apostle Peter to cease proclaiming the gospel, Christ's apostle replied we MUST OBEY GOD RATHER THAN MAN. He did not "cave in." Neither did we!
   This Church was founded by Jesus Christ. It is formed and organized on His pattern.
   Even if our lives are at stake—even at threat of imprisonment, we shall give our very lives, if necessary, to carry on the Worldwide Church of God, according to GOD'S direction in His Word.
   Now we are in a battle with one of the largest states in the Union to determine WHO IS LORD—CAESAR OR CHRIST? We are willing even to sacrifice our LIVES, if necessary—but, like the apostle Peter, we shall obey GOD rather than man!

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Plain Truth MagazineDecember 1979Vol 44, No.10ISSN 0032-0420
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